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The Volkswagen Type 2 Owners Club is a UK national club for owners and enthusiasts of the classic Volkswagen transporter van. There are also some most welcome members from outside the UK.

If you are a Type 2 enthusiast why not join us ?

The Club aims to help its members maintain their vehicles both as preserved historic vans and as restored, or otherwise reclaimed, going concerns keeping a family travelling and camping happily.

Our members are spread right across the UK and some overseas members too, and the Club tries to provide activities and events that everyone can attend and enjoy. We have a strong presence at some of the UK’s biggest VW events as well as running our own camps and meeting up at smaller events.

Please allow 14 days following payment for your application to be processed.

If you need your membership more quickly, in some circumstances we may be able to give you a temporary membership number – please email our membership secretary.

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Fitting a Voltmeter

In many campervan conversions, keeping an eye on battery voltage can be a very handy feature, especially if you are camping without electric hook-up and have an electric fridge, lighting etc.

You can connect the voltmeter to either the main vehicle battery, used for starting the engine and supplying the vehicle’s 12v electric systems. Connecting the voltmeter to a leisure battery will enable you to see the voltage remaining in your battery for auxiliary accessories such as lighting and fridges. Or you can purchase a switchable voltmeter that enables you to see both battery voltages at the flick of a switch, like the one sold by Just Kampers (J11477).

• Before installing the gauge, disconnect the earth terminal from the main battery in your vehicle and from the leisure battery, so that you do not create any short-circuits which may result in damage or fire.

• Choose a location to mount your gauge, allowing enough room at the rear of the gauge.

• Connect the negative/earth wire on the back of the gauge to an earthed part of your vehicle, such as a bare metal part of the chassis.

• Run a fused wire from one of the positive terminals on the voltmeter to your vehicle’s main battery live terminal or a live terminal on your main fuse box.

• Run a fused wire from the other positive terminal on the voltmeter to your leisure battery live terminal, or to a live terminal on an auxiliary fuse box connected to your leisure battery.

• Reconnect the earth connections on your two batteries that you removed earlier.

• When you have selected either switch position, the gauge should now read the correct battery voltage for that battery.

• Sit back and enjoy the luxury of being able to monitor your batteries voltage levels.

Aircooled engine cooling

When summer is here that hopefully means that we are experiencing warmer air temperatures. With warmer air temperatures, comes warmer engines. Those using aircooled engines will find it even harder to keep the engine cool during the summer months and we have all seen the odd VW at the side of the motorway! Don’t let that be you (not through overheating anyway!)

The tinware on a 1.6 Type 1 engine

Although it may seem like a small detail, to ensure cooler engine temperatures, it is absolutely vital that the tinware and engine compartment rubber seals are all present and intact. This ensures that there is cool air above the engine and hot air below it. These are known as the cool and warm zones. If tinware parts are missing, or the seals around the front and back of the engine are torn or broken, hot air will be drawn from the cylinder heads and exhaust back into the cool zone around the top of the engine and then sucked in by the cooling fan and re-circulated over the cylinders and heads, causing the engine temperature to rise, potentially to a critical level. This can cause all kinds of problems over time, some of which may not be immediately obvious, from hot starting troubles, to cracked cylinder heads, up to and including a seized engine.

If you’ve just bought a car/bus, it is well worth checking the condition of the tinware and seals and also making sure that there are no foreign bodies stuck in the cooling fan (remember to do this with the engine turned off!)

If you are fitting a reconditioned or new engine, don’t just rely on refitting the parts that were on the old engine, as they may not be correct either.

The thermostat is another vital piece in the cooling system. There is a set of flaps inside the fan shroud, that actually block cooling air when the engine is cold, in order to warm up the engine more quickly. These are opened by the thermostat, located between the cylinder barrels and if this part is defective your engine will very quickly overheat. Check the function of the thermostat and flaps and if required, replace. The alternative is to completely remove the thermostat and flaps, which while it certainly simplifies matters, is not ideal. It means that your engine may never reach the correct operating temperature in cold weather conditions.

The last few points to consider are your ignition timing, air leaks and fueling. Poor ignition timing can cause your engine to run too hot, it’s unlikely to be visible if it’s wrong but you should hear it. Fuel mixture is equally important, so ensure the carburettor jetting is correct for the size of the engine, fuel starvation will raise the
engine temperature internally. Your fuel system could be setup perfectly, but if your engine is sucking air in elsewhere through a split hose or a broken gasket, then the whole fuel/air mixture is compromised and the chances of running lean and therefore hot, are increased too. Spraying the intake system with Wd40 whilst running will help to detect this, an air leak will suck the spray in, using it as fuel and changing the engine note at the same time.

How to keep warm in your vehicle

With the topic of gas still fresh and the colder camping season just around the corner, let’s talk a bit about keeping you and your van warm this Autumn and Winter. Those who are brave enough will “carry on camping” through the winter, here are some handy tips to keep you and your van safe and warm this winter.

Insulation

An important step to keeping your camper warm is to stop the heat escaping from the inside. This can be done by insulating the van as best you can.
The windows are one of the first areas to look at when insulating as they will lose a substantial amount of heat and will also create condensation when sleeping and cooking inside the van.
To insulate the windows, there are ready made thermo-screens that can be purchased as a set for most variants of the VW Camper. These are very effective and not too much hassle to fit and remove.
The other (cheaper) option is to make your own thermo-screens, although these may not be as effective, depending on how far you go with them. I had planned to trial this using radiator foil insulation between the glass and curtains on the side windows, but unfortunately haven’t had a chance yet. If a member has successfully managed to make their own window insulation and wants to share this, please let us know!
Other vital areas to insulate are the side panels, floor and roof. These are best done at anytime you may have the interior removed. There are several forms of insulation on the market and some can be used as sound deadening too, helping to stop panels from resonating and reducing road noise.
If you have a pop top roof, there are now pop top wraps available that insulate the material on the outside to stop heat escaping from this obvious weak spot.
If you are able to, an easy way to keep the heat in is to keep your roof closed overnight!

Heating

Now you have insulated the van to keep the heat inside it, what ways are there to heat your van?
VW campers are small spaces to heat so do not require systems such as those in larger motorhomes.
When camping, most people will have at least one fuel supply available to them, whether mains 230v from campsite hookups, or a gas supply for cooking.
The gas can be used to supply a heater called a Propex HeatSource. These can be fitted to all variants of T2, as long as you have a 12v supply. It is recommended that they are fitted by a professional.
The Propex is very popular, offering high efficiency and flexibility with fitment location.
The Propex HeatSource tends to retail between £450-£800 depending on the vehicle and the model.
Cheaper alternatives are available, but these will require a 230v mains supply.
Heating appliances such as fan heaters, halogen heaters, convector heaters and oil filled radiators are very good for heating the small space inside your camper and are readily available at very competitive prices.
Personally we have observed that fan heaters are good for a quick blast of heat, but the heat inside the camper tends to drop very quickly once turned off and we wouldn’t recommend using them overnight whilst asleep as they are noisy (and we wouldn’t trust it!).

Halogen heaters are good for heating awnings as they don’t physically get hot, but you need to be directly in front of these heaters to benefit from them, they don’t actually heat the space around you, therefore again not recommended for overnight use.

Convector heaters are very efficient and cheap to buy. They will heat a small space effectively and can be set up with a thermostat, making these good for overnight use. However, if anything is placed on them, there is a risk that the item will get incredibly hot, causing a fire risk.

Oil filled radiators are essentially a convector heater, but they store heat in the oil making them very efficient and can also be used with a thermostat. They can be used safely overnight and the other advantage of these heaters is that items of clothing such as socks can be left on them to warm up! The disadvantage of these heaters is that they are standalone and will take up additional space.

The next club magazine is on its way

The next edition of the club magazine has been finished by our Editors and looks fantastic. It should be arriving through your door soon!

If you are enjoying the club magazine and have a story about a trip, an upgrade, a restoration or just a tip, send a contribution to our Editor Phil at editor@vwt2oc.co.uk.

The fuel gauge

How many of you struggle with fuel as your gauge does not work? You fill up, note the mileage then fill up again at 200 miles and hope for the best. Actually, the fuel gauge is almost certainly working, but the sender unit is at fault.

If you put a test meter on the sender, you should see about 73 ohms (Beetle and late bay) or 100 ohms (early bus with a balance coil gauge) across the rheostat when the tank is completely empty. As the tank is filled, the heater receives more current, moving the needle upwards on the gauge / dial until the tank is full sending the most current to the gauge at which point the tester should read about 10 ohms.

At the back of your dashboard you will find the wiring to the speedo. On top of the fuel tank behind the firewall, behind the engine, you will find the sender.

Where is the fault?

The simplest check to find the fault is to remove the wire that is NOT brown from the top of the sender. The brown one is an earth on a late bay and an early bay only has a single wire. The gauge in the dashboard should go immediately to empty. Take that same wire and earth it (but not to the tank). Now the gauge should immediately jump to full.

If you have a brown wire, double check that it does actually go to earth and makes a good connection.

If the gauge went to empty and full during testing and the earth is good then the sender is faulty and can be replaced from the normal stockists. Bad news is that the early bay ones are about £60 and late bay ones are about £30.

If the issue is intermittent, tighten the hex bolts on the back of the gauge and check the fuse supplying this circuit has completely clean contacts and good cable.

Eric the Viking – October 2019

Spend since last report: £625.59. Total hours labour since last report: 23.2

In the last exciting episode of “Eric and the halfwit”, the rear had been mainly finished, Eric was pushed into the corner of the garage and the front was started. Three years ago this month, we had removed the bulk of the front panel, exposing the A posts (the structural pieces in the front corners). I already knew that the bottoms of the A posts were rotten, the deformation panel that sits behind the bumper was also rotten and the inner valance behind that, which is welded to the chassis, was also rusty or rotten.

Here is how it looked in October 2016.

Removing the nose was a case of cutting around the air intake and down the inside edges of the A posts then along the bottom around floor level. Once the majority of the metal is out of the way, you can see what is going on and peel the edges off the A posts. That was how I discovered that the bottoms were in need of help. That was 3 years ago!

The inner windscreen panel sitting just above the air intake was in poor condition caused by the regular problem of a leaking windscreen seal. A lot of it was ok but the key piece is the top which had rotted. As I removed the dashboard, I could see that the mounting brackets forming part of the inner windscreen were also in a very bad state. The dashboard came out a lot easier than I expected, two bolts on each side visible when you open the doors and a couple underneath the middle. Getting the knobs for the switches off the dashboard to keep the wiring together took longer!

Once the inner windscreen was measured to see exactly where it fits to the A posts and once I had worked out whether it sits in front of the air intake or behind, the angle grinder got it out quickly.

Removing that panel gave a good feeling as it was cleaner and tidier. A good clean up of all retained surfaces and the Just Kampers replacement panel was scoured, primed and top coated on the inside in the L90D pastel white that I plan for the inside of the whole van. Welding that panel in early means added strength as I move down the front removing rot.

And just as much as removing the old panel helped, adding the new one gave me a lift as well.

The multi-part A posts are thicker steel (circa 2.5mm) giving a huge amount of strength when not rotten. Taking out the rotten A post pieces a section at a time, I made cardboard templates of the missing metal, angle grinding the replacements to shape. Once into the right shape, they were clamped into place and welded in – for whatever reason, my welding ability, confidence and end results are significantly improved in the last few months, no idea why.

I was able to chop out the rot knowing that there is enough strength to move one section at a time without the shape changing. With a hole cut, I can get into the inside of the A post with the rust killer and the primer to give extra life and I prudently stopped the repairs near the bottom as I do not know the exact line of some of the metal.

You can buy a full replacement A post but removing it is just too worrying and not required, so I laid on the garage floor looking at the construction of the rotten originals, angle grinding tiny bits to peel back the metal to see how it fits. The new repair section is about eight inches tall in two parts for the A post on each side plus a further piece to hold the inner valance. Those three themselves took some time to figure out how they connect.

Once the mental work was completed, the physical work started. Grinding out the old rust, leaving the door hinge intact makes access difficult and lying on the floor looking up means metal dust in the hair. Eventually the rust was all out, and the area cleaned and prepared for the new metal. Part of the new metal needed trimming since I was retaining the A post behind the hinge. Deep breath, put the new against the old, clamps and rulers to ensure it all lines up and a tack weld first. It all looked good and was zipped in. Then the front of the A post could be put on confidently as it folds part way around the rear. Careful welding was needed to ensure that the valance hanger was not obstructed by weld. Then finally welding-in of that hanger which also fits specifically to the front repair piece. All zipped in with seam welds for strength and being nice thick metal, I can crank up the power to get lots of penetration.

This is the offside, note the missing pieces at the top left which can now be added as I have both top and bottom to use as a template. Having removed part of the step to chop the old metal out, that was welded back in as well and plenty of red oxide anti-rust paint was added to hopefully keep the rust gremlins at bay for a while.

The confidence that comes from completing a job yourself means that the nearside was much less time consuming since the concept is the same, just mirrored. Hack out the old bits, save the hinge and the A post under it, chop out the step, accept that the angle grinder makes heat which means underseal starts smoking. Once out, cleaned and the repair piece trimmed since I am keeping part of the original again, it was time to weld it in place. As previously, a few tacks to allow the clamps to come off and I seam welded the old to the new all the way along. The rear half of the repair completed, I painted it with anti-rust paint then primer.

Allowing that to dry, I started attacking the inner valance that runs behind the deformation panel which sits behind the bumper on a late bay (early bays don’t have a deformation panel which was part of the added strength for crumple zones). Again, the outer foot or so was toast and there is no sense leaving the middle and grafting new ends, the whole lot needed to come out. This also allows access to the four chassis sections behind that I know are paper thin and can be removed using your fingers! A job for another day.

Cutting disks do not last long with the removal of a lot of thick metal / rust / rot but I have plenty. It took about five disks to remove the bulk of the valance. Sitting on top of that is the panel you see in front of your feet when driving, which comes down vertically then turns horizontally and is spot welded to the inner valance keeping the weather out. Unfortunately, as is common, water gets in, sits on top of that horizontal bit and it rots out. Chop, chop and all the rot comes out. Once the new inner valance goes in, I can make up the little L shaped bit to join it all back together.

The paint was still drying at the bottom of the A post, but I did not have time to add the second part of the repair, Editor Phil cracked the whip and in the immortal if modified words of the narrator of Mr Benn, “as if by magic, a deadline appeared”.

This edition’s spend of more than £600 was primarily caused by the purchase of a rollover frame, as well as a list of bits picked up at BusFest. You take off the wheels on one side of the van, make sure there are no liquids like petrol, washer fluid or whatever that will come out, and then you jack the other side up until the van is lying down. It will need to be done in a controlled manner but a very nice chap called Neil Higgins was selling it, and it seemed like a time-saving way to get something I planned to make next year that will make underside cleaning and detailing a simpler task.

By the next edition, I aim to have finished the front, attached the front panel / nose and get Eric on his side to replace the chassis rails under the cab floor. Maybe Eric will be snoozing for Christmas. Whatever you are doing between now and then, have a great deal of fun, my next write-up might be done when full of roast Christmas dinner!

Winterizing your vehicle

Yes, it is that time again, winter is very much heading our way. For anyone with a vehicle, VW or not (apparently other vehicles are available!), winter in the UK is the worst time for metal on the roads.

Some suggestions:

Inside

Water

If you have anything containing water, drain it all out. Water tanks, boilers, kettles. Don’t just empty the tank, drain the whole system including the pipes. Remember that water in pipes still expands when it freezes, not just in the tank. It also goes stale after a period of standing. If possible take the tank indoors to keep it above freezing and/or clean it thoroughly.

We use a mild Milton solution to thoroughly clean ours including the impeller that sits in our tank and its associated pipe and electric cable. Then we rinse everything and air dry it all. Other options are available too!

Power

Leisure batteries like ambient temperatures and extreme cold will reduce their operational life. Keep them above freezing by removing them and keeping them in the garage or similar. Remember to keep the electrical contacts in the van safely insulated if applicable.

Keep those batteries charged using a trickle charger that is fit for purpose, which will also prolong their life.

Gas

Butane or propane tanks and bottles should be removed from your vehicle and stored safely with their openings closed properly – don’t leave the regulator open relying on the gas tap on the cooker as these can fail. Now is a good time to weigh them against their empty counterparts to know when you need to change them!

Boring cleaning

Now that you have opened up your van, removed the relevant tanks and bottles, you can get all misty eyed and miss the peace and tranquility of your van by getting in there and cleaning it all. It gives you a great sense of personal achievement as well as going into the winter with a nicely clean kitchen area, the fridge has been bleached and rinsed, and if applicable the bathroom, the shower and maybe the hot tub are all clean. Leave internal doors slightly ajar to keep mould and mildew at bay.

Soft furnishings

If possible, remove curtains, bedding, that emergency woollen blanket from Granny and take them indoors for a good wash or airing.

Ingress

Don’t be tempted to leave doors open or windows more than cracked open. All sorts of miscreants can get in and eat your lovely interior.

Outside

If possible store your vehicle in a garage. If that is not possible, a car port will do a similar job. A breathable cover can be good but make sure it is listed as fully breathable otherwise moist air gets under the cover, rises when things warm up and the vehicle will get wet, holding that wet against the bodywork. Avoid a heavy cover for sure!

Tyres

Tyres degrade from extreme temperatures and long periods of standing still. Winter does that very well! Inspect the tyres, check the pressures and consider putting the van on axle stands if you are not using it for a very long time, taking the wheels into the garage or shed. It also makes theft more difficult!

Moving parts

Lubricate everything. Hinges, moving parts, sliders, mechanical parts. Check the oil level. Use the right lubricant for the part in question. It will pay dividends next year and will keep water away, which is good for the life of the part.

Boring cleaning

Again, give the outside of your vehicle a proper clean, ideally by hand. Dry fully including the fiddly bits inside doors and between panels. Give it all a good quality wax polish. This also keeps water away and prolongs the panels and parts. It also makes you happy as you pass over the cold season when you don’t want to be away.

Underneath

If you are an advocate of underseal and waxoil, get the old visible stuff removed and apply new underseal to dry clean parts. The jury seems out on the benefits of underseal against the downside of it trapping moisture but waxoil or similar applied hot into cavities must be better than not applying it?

Engine

Some texts state to start your engine once a month and run it on idle for 30 minutes. More than that is not necessary and I don’t touch our air cooled engine at all.

An oil change just before the winter alongside a fuel-storage additive in the fuel tank if you like that sort of thing.

Main battery

We leave the main battery connected and the solar panel bolted to the roof of a van in a car port for the leisure battery. If that was not the case, we would trickle charge the main battery once a month over the winter. Again, this just makes sure that you don’t degrade the battery and end up having to replace it all of the time.

Busfest has started

The biggest show on the planet in terms of numbers of Transporters attending together. Yes, Busfest is under way. www.busfest.org.

The VW Type 2 Owners Club have their own field. Experience the buzz of the premier event of the year and also return to a tranquil oasis of calm when it all gets too much.

The club have their own marquee complete with complimentary tea and coffee mornings. The marquee is open to all club members and those in their vans and dogs are always welcome. Here is our Chairman with Abbie in the marquee:

This year like last year, we are planning to do evening burgers and morning bacon butties – veggie options available, on a first come, first served basis. Once they are gone, they are gone!

We hope to see you there!

Eric the Viking – August 2019

Spend since last report: £313.58. Total hours labour since last report: 45.5

When I look back through my photo reel for the last two months, I see plenty of progress on Eric. I also see two weeks holiday in Cornwall, the Just Kampers open weekend, Volksweald in Kent, RAF Odiham and some non VW related stuff too. Yes, periodically we have a life, and somehow I also worked.

Last issue, you may have seen that Eric had his roof replaced. The rear right side corner that was purchased over three years ago could not go on before then and that gets spot welded upwards into the roof. Before that I needed to find the line for the corner, so Eric needed the rear arch and since I have no idea what I am doing, I started on the nearside by the sliding door because the rear corner was in, the inner arch was in and the C post by the sliding door was good following my work on it a few issues ago.

The outer arch is a regular replacement as water collects between the inner and outer arches flicked up by the road wheels, rotting the visible edge next to the wheel. The panels available are of variable quality steel and very varied quality fit. My panel came with Eric four years ago and is an old Klokkenholm one of low quality metal and low quality fit. The new ones are apparently better shape and now are galvanized. It took a while but the original top of that panel was eased off the glued on rubber seal inside, was prepared and the lower edge was set back by a millimetre to allow the new panel to sit flush.

Many clamps later and some minor cutting and hammer tapping, the panel was in and quite close to flush everywhere.

The offside had not fared well and the inner was a mess. After chopping out a lot of it, the old outer was in good enough shape to be used to make a replacement inner. From that panel to the sill on the inside was done with a fabricated section of steel, a great deal of time and a lot of work with the hammers.

Once the inners were finished on both sides they received a great deal of primer! The outer went on easily and showed up the middle panel opposite the sliding door which is now mainly back to bare metal having had a lot of filler. Looks like there was an accident in his past and the bottom twelve inches or so is very dented. Still, I have the new wheel arch panel as a guide line when I get to final prep before painting.

With both arches in, that rear corner has to line up with its wheel arch panel, giving me one line. Getting it on over the D post took a while and some choice words. After about the tenth time, all was lined up and trimmed, clamps were added and that one was welded in too.

Once the inside was welded upwards into the new roof, the top rear corner inside was welded back in and smoothed down. All last little repairs on the inside corners were done and primed as well.

Now the outside was done down both sides and that is a good lift to the spirits.

At the back with both corners in place, the horizontal panels could be offered up that go under the back door and under the engine bay door. The inner panels of both having been replaced or repaired in previous reports. Drilling through good metal and spot welding to good metal is such a lot easier! Again much anti rust paint and thick primer to keep the little rust gremlins at bay for a while.

Under the edge where back door fits was a bit of a fiddly as it is much thinner metal, had been rusty in places and really rather damaged getting the old spreader plate out between the rear doors. It is now metal and broadly straight, but will need a smidge of filler in due course.

Standing back after sanding and priming the rear deck and trial fitting the boot lid made me feel really good. He looks like a bus once more!

Using paint stripper on the rest of the rear deck I was able to remove the added paint back to the factory white in most places. This was not deliberate as I was aiming for bare metal, but having white instead of brushed black looks better.

With only the window edges to be repaired, everything else behind the front seats is pretty much done. The garage was tidied, swept and Eric was moved backwards into the corner to give me plenty of room to tackle the next part. The front.

Keep using your bus, or working on getting it fixed. Hope to see you in a field soon.